Motivational sense determination of behavior
The initial purpose of the social policy of any state is the activation of the human factor in all spheres of public life, the improvement of society, the provision of mental health of the nation, whose indicators are: a) adoption of responsibility for their lives; b) self-imminent and taking themselves; c) the ability to live in present; d) meaningfulness of individual being; Ability to understand and accept other. First of all it concerns youth, t.To. It is in this area that the destructive, destructive behavior is most often. Which with the development of civilization not only does not detect trends to a decrease, but also finds new, more sophisticated forms of manifestation. In recent years, the number of crimes committed by adolescents has increased dramatically, the cases of group Drak teen who wearing a fierce character. In addition to the quantitative increase in aggressive-violent encroachment, young people have a deepening of aggression in the direction of increasing cruelty, cynicism, an increase in the number of crimes occurring under the influence of situational, impulsive behavioral reactions characterized by the inadequacy of the reason and the degree of damage caused by the victim. The rooting of this model of behavior in the field of adolescents reflects one of the most acute psychological and social problems of our society – the problem of motivational and semantic mediation of human activity.
Approaches and principles, which explain the phenomenology, mechanisms and patterns of the motivation of personality behavior cannot fully exhaust this problem. The complexity of the object of the study, the diversity of research approaches leads to the fact that any psychological phenomenon that generates human activity, and its guide is indicated by the concept of motive. The focus of attention only to the motivation to the motive is insufficient to fully understand this problem and should be studied in more detail its meaningful side (with.L. Rubinstein, B.N.Meatishchev, B.G. Aseev, Yu.M. Zakrodin, T.V.Cornilova, D. A. Leontiev, B. A. Sosnovsky).
As noted by S.L. Rubinstein "Determination through motivation is determination through the importance of phenomena for a person". "The value of objects and phenomena and their "meaning" For a person there is something that determines the behavior".
Understanding A.N. Leontiev Motiv As the subject of the need makes it beyond within the subjectial space, referring to the outside world. The subject of the subject with the outside world is carried out by means of sensual tissue and personal meaning. Personal sense reveals the attitude of a person to the world, is associated with motifs, the general orientation of the person, reflects a biased attitude towards the world of an active subject.
L.AND. Bajovic emphasizes that in the process of its development, the need and motives are mediated by consciousness, t.E. The need acts through consciously left targets. V.G. Aseev also sees a special need for allocation "The semantic, substantive side of motivation as an indicator of the adequacy of the reflection in the prompting of an objective situation and the general peculiarities of life activity". D. A. Leontyev indicates importance for analysis "meaningful semantic characteristics" Motiva.
WITH.L. Rubinstein draws attention to the connection of the motive and meaning "In the process of reflection of the phenomena of the outside world, their value for the individual and thereby its attitude to them. Because of this, the objects and phenomena of the outside world are not only as objects of knowledge, but also as engines of behavior, generating certain motives in man – motives". NS.M. Obrodin and B. A. Sosnovsky note that "Motivational Single Description" Makes it possible "Analysis of the true direction of the person in all its manifestations". B. WITH. Brother allocates "Semantic education". it "A holistic dynamic system reflecting the relationship inside the beam of motifs that realize this or that relation to the world". A.G. Asmolov, B.WITH. BRUIS, E.V. Sabbot and other. Semantic formations include sense-forming motifs, personal meanings and semantic installations.
The analysis of the works of foreign and domestic authors allows you to combine the motives and meanings into a single motivational semantic sphere and consider it as a holistic, dynamic, hierarchized personality education, determinizing the behavior and human attitude to the world.