Questions using MMPI

Questions using MMPI

MMPI Questionnaire is extremely popular among foreign and domestic psychologists. It is used in a wide variety of areas – from the clinic to vocational guidance. The questionnaire itself was conceived s.Hathawey and J.McKinley (1943) as a typological questionnaire intended to identify ten forms of psychopathology. However, its scope has been expanded on other areas, first of all psychodiagnosis. In 1963, MMPI was "presented" W.Dahlstrom and G.Welsh already as a factor psychodiagnostic questionnaire. Changes were to transition from the nosological titles of the types of pathology e.Kraepelin to psychologized personality factors.

For all the time of its existence, MMPI has been criticized many times. First of all, doubts were expressed in its internal consistency and psychodiagnostic opportunities.

Various authors have noted a high degree of intercoring 13 Questionnaire scales. So domestic studies conducted in 1978. (V.AND.Galunov and others.), showed that 13 basic and 22 additional MMPI scales form three factors. The first was named emotional stability-instability. Second – introversion-extroversion, and the third – pathology. Researchers suggested that the first two of them are consistent with the models of the individuality of.Aizenka, R.Kettel and B.WITH.Merlin. Similar results were obtained in other studies on the basis of only 13 main scales.

With the advent of powerful computing equipment, it was possible to investigate correlations not only between the questionnaire scales, but also between the subject points. At the same time, the results were obtained on the presence of a survey factor – the factors of social desirability ("Total adaptation" – A.G.Shmelev). It should also be noted that the factory-correlation solutions are not consistent with the initial scale model – the vast majority of the items "does not work" on "their" Scale (Y.M.Obrodin).

This and other information and became the basis for analyzing the internal psychodiagnostic structure of the methodology. At the same time, first of all, it was necessary to check the degree of interconnected scales among themselves. As MMPI was used "male" An option adaptation conducted at the Institute. Bekhtereva. Authors of adaptation I.N.Glyliasheva and T.L.Fedorova.

As you know, the use of test results to create an intercreation matrix between apricor scales is associated with the sample. Depending on its high-quality composition, the features of relationships will also change. To level it, it was decided to detect connections only on the analysis of the methods of the methodology – through common sources of the questionnaire. When the interconnection of the MMPI scales are used, the possibilities of crossstares with the calculation of the Statistical Criteria Chi-Square and DR. (SPSS V.12.0).

It turned out that only 6 combinations of the scale of 78 do not have connections through the points of the questionnaire. In five combinations percentage "Related" paragraphs more than 30%. And in 11 combinations – more than 20%. At the same time, for example, a combination of points "1" and "3" Scaling covers, respectively, 59% and 37% of the total number of scaly points. Statistically reliable connections (in terms of p ? 0.05) revealed in 20 combinations. It should also be noted that a number of methods of methodology "legally" associated with scale "TO" Through "Corrective procedure". It further increases and without that strong communication between the scookes.

Questions using MMPI

As a rule, the factors are questionnaires whose scales are sufficiently independent, that is, when the change in the indicator on the same scale is poorly connected with a change on another (l.F.Burlachuk, S.M.Frost). The pronounced link between the MMPI questionnaire indicators prevents "Independence" His scales. It is also viewed in general, a number of recommendations on the interpretation of the MMPI profile (raising level "3" Often conjugate with higher level "1").

We also note the available messages about the weak diagnostic capabilities of MMPI as a quantitative technique (for example, in 1971. AND.G.Bespalko and I.N.Glyliasheva – differentiation of neurosis and schizophrenia). It should also be said about doubtful "Fill" Scaling Questions. Most of them are outdated and does not reflect today’s situation, including in the clinic.

Similar problems arose in the Motherland of the questionnaire – in the USA, which led to the creation of MMPI-2 (1989) and MMPI-A (1992), which were developed by Butcher et al. on a more correct methodical basis.

Taking into account the above, there is no reason to believe that the MMPI technique is factor, since a high degree of relationship between its scales was revealed. Attention and certain inconsistency of issues of these or other scales. Consequently, despite the recommendations of the persons authoritative in the application of MMPI (L. N. Sobech, F. B. Berezin and others.), the standard psychodiagnostic use of this technique in any studies, except for clinical, should be considered undesirable.

Questions using MMPI

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