Why do we want children to believe in Santa Claus

Why do we want children to believe in Santa Claus?

Santa Claus is an indispensable hero of winter holidays, but we are very rarely thinking about why he is so roads. The largest anthropologist of the twentieth century Claude Levi-Strauss revealed the striking hidden meaning of New Year’s rituals. In our, passages from his essay are published for the first time.

about the author

Claude Levi-Strauss (Claude Levi-Strauss), a French ethnographer and anthropologist, classic structuralism – directions that influenced all humanitarian sciences in the XX century. Born in Brussels in 1908, died in Paris in October 2009 at the age of a hundred years. His revolutionary studies of the tribes of the American Indians laid the beginning of the theory of primitive thinking, which radically changed the western understanding of culture. He was convinced that the basis of different civilizations is the uniform mechanisms of world-world – universal structures uniting humanity.

Santa Claus is not a mythical creature because there is no myth, informative about its origin and functions. This is not a legendary character, because no half-historical narrative is connected with him. In fact, this is a supernatural and unchanged creature, forever frozen in its form and determined by a unique function and a periodic return, relates rather to the family of deities. By the way, during certain periods of the year, children make religious actions in the form of letters and prayers in relation to it: he rewards good and leaves no gifted evil. The only difference between Santa Claus and the real deity is that adults do not believe in him, although they encourage their children to believe in him and support this faith with many hoaxes.

Why do we want children to believe in Santa Claus

Santa Claus expresses primarily the difference in the status between children, On the one hand, and teenagers and adults – on the other. Indeed, there is little human groups in which children (sometimes women also) would not be excluded from the society of men by ignorance of certain sacraments or faith – carefully supported – in some illusion that adults reveal the right to expose At the right moment, it comes to the joining of young generations to their community. Myths and rituals Dedications are carried in human societies a completely definite practical function: they help elders to keep junior in submission and maintain order among them. Throughout a year, we will refer to the arrival of Santa Claus to remind children that his generosity will compete with their good behavior. And the periodic nature of the distribution of gifts allows you to subjugate children’s requests for a certain discipline, to reduce the short period of time when they really have the right to demand gifts.

From antiquity to the Middle Ages “December holidays” demonstrate the same features. First of all, decoration of buildings with green plants; Then sharing gifts or distribution of gifts to children; fun and pions; And finally, the brother between the rich and poor, hosts and servants. And in the Middle Ages, children were not in patient waiting until the toys appear on the fireplace pipe. Usually, they, having turned around and gathering a gurby, walked from home to home, chatting and congratulating the holiday, and instead of fruits and pies. Significant Fact: To reinforce your right to collect tribute, they reminded of death. Autumn’s course in the ritual plan is accompanied by a dialectical action, the main stages of which are: the return of the dead, their threatening and annoying behavior, establishing some modus vivendi with alive on the exchange of services and gifts and, finally, the triumph of life, when the dead, deprecated with gifts leave the living leaving them alone until the next autumn. Anglo-Saxon countries willingly split these relationships into two extreme, halloween, halloween, when children depict the dead to extort the MZDU in adults, and Christmas, when adults chew children to activate their status of living.


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